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Ovarian Cancer

ovarian-cancer

What is Ovarian Cancer?

Ovarian cancer is a type of cancer that starts in the ovaries or fimbrial end of the fallopian tube. The ovaries are two small, almond-shaped organs located on either side of the uterus.

Ovaries house a multitude of eggs (ova), yet the cells lining the ovarian surface can sometimes turn abnormal, giving rise to tumors. Malignant tumors, classified as cancerous, possess the ability to proliferate and spread rapidly.

However, benign tumors, while not cancerous, stay localized and don’t metastasize.Ovarian cancer is more prevalent in younger women but can affect individuals at any age.

Delve into the intricacies of ovarian cancer with Dr. Nilesh Chordia, among the top Ovarian Cancer Surgery Doctors in Mumbai, for comprehensive insights and care.

Everything You Need To Know About Ovarian Cancer

Causes Symptoms  |  Treatments  |  Types  |

What are the Causes of Ovarian Cancer?

The exact cause of ovarian cancer is not known. However, some things may increase your risk of developing this type of cancer.

These include:

Age: Ovarian cancer is most common in women over 50 years old. Most ovarian cancers

develop after menopause, and the risk increases with age. But it is not uncommon to have

ovarian cancer in the young population.

Family history: Women who have a close relative (mother, sister, or daughter) with Ovarian. breast cancer is at greater risk for developing the disease themselves.

Genetics: Some women inherit gene mutations like BRCA that increase their risk of ovarian cancer.

Personal history: Women who have had breast cancer or another type of ovarian tumor are at

increased risk of developing ovarian cancer.

Obesity: Being overweight or obese may increase your risk of ovarian cancer.

Smoking: Women who smoke have a higher risk of developing ovarian cancer than women

who do not. Doctors believe that most ovarian cancer begins in the cells lining the ovary; however, it can

also start in other parts of an ovary or form in another part of the body and spread to an ovary

as well. Ovarian cancer is diagnosed when a woman shows signs or symptoms and her

Detection of abnormal tissue through scans or exploratory laparotomy is a crucial step in ovarian cancer diagnosis. Understanding the disease’s stage (extent) is vital if you’ve been diagnosed with ovarian cancer. Dr. Nilesh Chordia, one of the best doctors for Ovarian cancer treatment in Mumbai, specializes in comprehensive care and staging to ensure optimal treatment planning.

What are the Symptoms of Ovarian Cancer?

Women with early-stage ovarian cancer may not have any symptoms. When women develop
symptoms, they are nonspecific and vague—they can occur with other common diseases.
Some examples include:

• Bloating
• Pelvic or abdominal pain (that’s your belly and below)
• Trouble eating or feeling full quickly
• Fatigue (very tired)
• Upset stomach or heartburn
• Back pain
• Pain during sex
• Constipation or menstrual changes (in premenopausal women)

It’s important to remember that most of these symptoms are more likely to be caused by
conditions other than ovarian cancer. For example, a urinary tract infection may cause pelvic
pain, and bloating can occur with too much gas in your intestines.

When persistent symptoms endure for several weeks, prompt consultation with your doctor is crucial, even if their connection to the ovaries is uncertain. Keep in mind that early detection plays a pivotal role.

The Sooner ovarian cancer is identified and addressed, the greater the prospects for survival. Turn to Dr. Nilesh Chordia, renowned for providing the Best Ovarian cancer treatment in Mumbai, for Expert Care and early intervention. Your well-being is our priority.

What are the Treatments for Ovarian Cancer?

Ovarian cancer is a severe disease, but treatment options are improving all the time. With early diagnosis and proper care, most women with ovarian cancer can be cured.

There are different treatments available for ovarian cancer. The type of treatment you receive will depend on the stage (extent) of your disease, as well as your overall health.

Ovarian cancer treatment options include:

  • Surgery: A surgeon may remove the tumor and some surrounding tissue during an operation,
    with the inner lining of the abdomen in a fatty layer called the omentum.
  • Chemotherapy: Drugs called chemotherapy agents are used to kill cancer cells. These drugs
    can be given orally (by mouth), injected into a vein, or placed directly into the abdomen (called
    intraperitoneal chemotherapy).
  • Targeted therapy: Special drugs are used to block specific proteins in cancer cells and prevent them from growing. This type of treatment is often used in combination with chemotherapy.

In the management of ovarian Cancer, a Multifaceted Approach is often employed, tailored to each patient’s unique circumstances. Surgery to excise the tumor is commonly followed by chemotherapy to eradicate any lingering cancer cells.

Dr. Nilesh Chordia, acclaimed as the Best Ovarian Cancer Surgeon in Mumbai, specializes in personalized treatment strategies for optimal patient outcomes.

Types of Ovarian Cancer

There are different types of ovarian cancers, but they can be classified into two main categories:
epithelial and germ cell tumors.
Epithelial tumors begin in cells that line organs or surfaces inside the body, including the ovaries.

These tumors are more common than germ-cell ovarian cancer and account for approximately
90 percent of all cases. Germ cell tumors begin in cells that produce eggs (ova) in women and
sperm in men; these types of cancers are usually diagnosed before age 40.

Tumors are malignant, meaning they can grow and spread quickly. Benign tumors are not
cancerous and do not spread to other body parts. These basic categories can be divided into several subtypes depending on their specific characteristics, such as whether they secrete hormones or cause bleeding.

A woman’s doctor will review her diagnosis to determine what type she has and what treatment is needed to control it if possible. In most cases, ovarian cancer is treated with surgery followed by chemotherapy; radiation
therapy is rarely used if necessary.

Survival rate of Ovarian Cancer

The five-year survival rate for ovarian cancer is about 46 percent, but this number varies
depending on the stage of the disease when it is diagnosed. For example, if ovarian cancer is
found early and has not spread beyond the ovaries, the five-year survival rate may be as high as 92 percent.

However, if ovarian cancer has already spread to other parts of the body, the five-year survival rate may be only 26 percent.

If you notice any symptoms, consult an expert immediately. You can also book an appointment with our experts to resolve your queries.

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    Areas Of Expertise

    Head & Neck

    These cancers occur in squamous cells of mucosal linings in the larynx, throat, lips, mouth, nose, & salivary glands.

    Breast Cancer

    Tumors or lumps in the breast are indications of breast cancer. It is treatable to a large extent if detected in an early stage.

    Stomach Cancer

    Abnormal and uncontrolled growth of cells in any part of the stomach leads to stomach cancer, also termed “Gastric Cancer”.

    Ovarian Cancer

    Tumor-like growth in the ovaries is known as ovarian cancer mostly affects young females & is detected in later stages.

    Oesophegal Cancer

    Oesophageal cancer occurs in any part of the food pipe, commonly caused by smoking or uncontrolled acid reflux.

    Prostate Cancer

    Prostate cancer begins in the gland cells of the prostate, found in males & is highly treatable at early stages

    Colorectal Cancer

    Colorectal cancer usually begins in the rectum or colon and is commonly observed in people above the age of 50.

    Gynaecological Cancer

    Gynecological cancer is a term used for the group of cancers affecting female reproductive organs & genitals.

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    Very soft spoken person & extremely gentle with patients. He explains everything and clears out any doubts the patient has. My mom got operated under him for breast cancer and is now recovering well. He has always been available for any guidance and support we asked for. Lucky to have such doctors in our city.

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