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Can untreated PCOD result in Ovarian cancer?

Can Untreated PCOS Result in Ovarian Cancer?


Dr. Nilesh Chordiya

Cancer Surgeon Specialist in Mumbai

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and ovarian cancer are two significant health concerns for women worldwide. Understanding the potential relationship between untreated PCOS and the development of ovarian cancer is crucial for effective management and prevention strategies.

This article delves into the possible link between these two conditions, drawing from expert opinions and the latest scientific research.

Overview of PCOS

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common hormonal disorder affecting women of reproductive age. Women with PCOS often experience irregular periods, excess hair growth, acne, and weight gain.

Approximately 10% of women worldwide are affected by this condition, which is caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors.

Early diagnosis and treatment of PCOS are essential for managing symptoms, improving fertility, and reducing long-term health risks such as type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease.

Treatment options for PCOS typically include lifestyle changes, medication, and hormonal therapy to regulate menstrual cycles and address other symptoms.

Introduction to Ovarian Cancer

Ovarian cancer refers to a group of cancers that originate in the ovaries or nearby reproductive organs, such as the fallopian tubes or peritoneum.

There are several types and stages of ovarian cancer, with varying levels of severity. Risk factors for ovarian cancer include age, family history, and hormonal imbalances.

Early detection and treatment of ovarian cancer are vital for improving survival rates and overall outcomes.

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Treatment options for ovarian cancer generally involve surgery, chemotherapy, and targeted therapies.

Regular screenings and monitoring of ovarian health are critical for early detection and timely intervention.

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What is the link between PCOS and Ovarian Cancer?

Recent scientific studies have explored the possible connection between untreated PCOS and ovarian cancer.

Hormonal imbalances, inflammation, and insulin resistance, which are common in women with PCOS, may contribute to the development of ovarian cancer.

For instance, elevated levels of estrogen and androgens in women with PCOS can stimulate ovarian cell growth, increasing the risk of cancerous changes.

However, it is essential to note that research on this topic is still ongoing, and more studies are needed to establish a definitive link between untreated PCOS and ovarian cancer.

The current evidence suggests that there may be an association, but having PCOS does not guarantee the development of ovarian cancer.

Also, Read- How Can Pap Test Help Diagnose Ovarian Cancer

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Importance of Timely Diagnosis and Treatment

Early diagnosis and treatment are vital for both PCOS and ovarian cancer. For PCOS, treatment options may include lifestyle changes, such as adopting a healthy diet and engaging in regular physical activity, medication to manage insulin resistance, and hormonal therapy to regulate menstrual cycles and address other symptoms.

Ovarian cancer treatments typically involve surgery to remove the cancerous tissue, chemotherapy to kill any remaining cancer cells, and targeted therapies that attack specific cancer cell functions. Women with PCOS should consult with their healthcare provider to develop a proactive approach to managing their condition and reducing the risk of ovarian cancer.


While there is evidence suggesting a potential link between untreated PCOS and ovarian cancer, more research is needed to establish a definitive connection.

It’s crucial for women with PCOS to seek medical advice, manage their condition, and undergo regular screenings to monitor their ovarian health.

By staying informed and proactive, we can better understand and address the risks associated with these conditions, ultimately improving the quality of life and health outcomes for women worldwide.


    About Author

    Dr. Nilesh is a renowned Cancer surgeon/consultant practicing at SSO Hospital, Infinity Media Surge Hospital, and Navkaar Cancer Clinic Mumbai and he is also a visiting consultant at various hospitals in Mumbai, Thane, Dombivali, Kalyan, Navi Mumbai, etc. With over 10+ years of experience, he is highly trained and specialized in performing GI & Gynae cancer surgery procedures from the simplest to the most complicated surgeries.